Emotions are the most beautiful part of our life. Happiness, satisfaction, anxiety, elation, anger and peacefulness are some of the moods with the great range of human emotions.
For many people moods are not problematic but for some handling of their moods are the biggest challenge. When an emotion outlives its context it can become a serious liability to healthy emotional functioning. When an individual’s emotions impair his personal, work and relationship life, they are said to have a mood disorder. Their general emotional state is distorted or inconsistent with heir circumstances.
Depression is the most common mood disorder. A person with depression feels “very low” everyone at various times in life feels sad or blue however depression is more intense and harder to manage than normal feeling of sadness.
Depression is the disorder of brain, there are a variety of causes including genetic, environmental, psychological and biochemical factors. Depression usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30 and is much more common in women.
Globally depression affects 20 percent of people while in Pakistan it’s more serious with an estimate of 34 percent. Both genetic and environmental factors play an important role in its parthenogenesis.
Symptoms of Depression
- Depressed interest or pleasure in almost all activities
- Significant weight loss
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Sleep disturbance
- Feeling of worthlessness
- Suicidal idealization
The above symptoms should be present at least two weeks to make a diagnosis of depression.
Medication and psychotherapy are very effective for most of the people with depression.
If you have severe depression then your psychiatrist will prescribe medication to relieve symptom. Many types of antidepressant medications are available.
Psychotherapy has been shown to be most effective in overcoming depression. Psychotherapy help depressed individuals to talk about their experiences and feel listened to, gain insight into the thinking processes that lead to depressed mood and learn practical coping skills that can help to overcome the depression and likelihood of developing future depressive episodes.
There are many types of psychotherapies. Psychotherapist may employ any of a number of different approaches and techniques.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
People who suffer depression are often plagued by obsessive irrational thoughts. These thoughts can take the form of self-doubt, generalized fears and specific phobias. Patient adopts distorted thinking style which make their perception polluted abut themselves and the world.
Cognitive therapy targets negative thoughts. It geared towards solving immediate problems. It is brief and highly structured.
Behavior Therapy help you overcome problems by changing your behaviors. Interpersonal, Experiential and group therapy can also be used. Changing your behavior can help you feel better.
Get into a routine:
Depression effects badly at your routine life. Setting a gentle daily schedule can help you get back on track.
There is no magic diet that fixes depression but there is evidence that foods with Omega-3, Folic Acid and Vitamin-D caould help ease depression. Avoid or reduce Caffeine, Sugar and refined Carbohydrates.
Depression can make it hard to get enough sleep and too little sleep can make depression worse. make some changes to your life style. Go to bed and get up at the same time everyday. Try not to nap, use your bed only for sleeping, stop watching TV, Eating or Reading on your bed. You may find your sleep improved!
Build a support system
Depression makes you socially isolated, build a support system to get out of your depression. Connect to your old friends. Make new ones, Spend time with your family.
Last but not least, Pray will be a great source of strength. It will help you to get out of your helplessness.
You should seek your cure for depression in Holistic manner by addressing its physical, mental, social and spirtual aspects.
– Copyrights (c) Psychologist Aasia Mujtaba